Date of publication: 2017-08-31 00:05
As Kingsley Davis says, 8775 By Social change is meant only such alternations as occur in social organization that is, the structure and functions of society 8776 .
According to Jones 8775 Social change is a term used to describe variations in, or modifications of any aspect of social processes, social patterns, social interaction or social organization 8776 .
Now that the town has become a big commercial centre, its management is in the hands of a dozer different committees. One of them looks after the educational facilities, another looks after the sanitation, a third is deputed to look after the octroi, while a fourth manages the markets and so on. In this way, this differentiation increases with the evolution of the town.
Dowson and Gettys, in introduction to Sociology 8767 , rightly remark, 8775 Culture tends to give direction and momentum to social change to set limits beyond which social change cannot occur.
Though the concept of evolution was known to the generation preceding the publication of Darwin 8767 s 8775 Origin of Species 8776 , the notion of social evolution was taken directly from the theories of biological evolution. Evolution in biological science means the developing of an organism.
From the above analysis, we find that demographic factor has been contributing to the great transformations in society 8767 s socioeconomic and political structure throughout human history. For example, most countries in Asia where more than half world population is now living, is characterised by high birth rate. These countries in general and Indian society in particular, are passing through a critical period of great poverty, unemployment and moral degeneration.
Ogburn and Nimkoff have pointed that a single invention may have innumerable social effects. According to them, radio, for example, has influenced our entertainment, education, politics, sports, literature, knowledge, business, occupation and our modes of organisation. They have given a list consisting of 655 effects of radio in .
While trying to meet all the style 8767 s requirements, almost all the students face difficulties. This section is designed to help all those suffering from this task and provides short but effective guidelines on how to avoid mistakes in citation and formatting and make your work easy-to-comprehend.
In this case, a change in the attitude of the people is mainly responsible for change in the social structure. On the other hand, a change in the social structure may bring about attitudinal change among the members of the society. Transformation of rural society into industrial society is not simply a change in the structure of society. For example, industrialisation has destroyed domestic system of production.
The idea of social welfare State is an offshoot of technology. Transportation and communication are leading to a shift of functions from local Government to the Central Government. The modern Government which rule through the bureaucracy have further impersonalised the human relations.
The destruction of domestic system of production has brought women from home to factory and office. The employment of women gave them a new independent outlook. The attitude of independence instead of dependence upon men has become the trait of women 8767 s personally. Hence, these two type of changes should not be treated separately but both of them should be studied together.
For example, a change in the attitude of the people may bring about changes in the social structure. Towards the close of the 69 century, there was a tendency in the countries of Western Europe for families to grow smaller in size. There is a general agreement that this has been brought about mainly by voluntary restriction of births 8776 .
Evolution is, thus, a gradual growth or development from simple to complex existence. The laws of evolution which were initially fashioned after the findings of charters. Darwin, came to be known as social Darwinism during the nineteenth century.